Unconstant Conjunction latest posts

An Autoconf Primer for R Package Authors

Have you ever noticed something like the following when you’re installing an R package?

checking for gcc... gcc
checking whether the C compiler works... yes
checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out
checking for suffix of executables... 
checking whether we are cross compiling... no
checking for suffix of object files... o
checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes
checking whether gcc accepts -g... yes
checking for gcc option to accept ISO C89... none needed
checking how to run the C preprocessor... gcc -E
checking for grep that handles long lines and -e... /usr/bin/grep
checking for egrep... /usr/bin/grep -E
checking for ANSI C header files... yes
configure: creating ./config.status
config.status: creating src/Makevars

on Windows, users install pre-built packages, but on all other platforms (including macOS and Linux), they are built from source, including any native C, C++, or Fortran code. Often it’s enough to use the default R settings to build these packages, but sometimes you might need know a bit more about a user’s system in order to get things working correctly.

For this reason, R permits packages to have a ./configure shell script to make these checks before a package is installed.

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For and Against data.table

    27 June 2019 // tagged

I was reminded by Megan Stodel’s recent post – “Three reasons why I use data.table” – of the enduring data.table vs. dplyr argument.

To Stodel’s points in favour of data.table, which I would summarise as (1) performance, (2) good design, and (3) that it makes you feel a bit iconoclastic in these tidyverse times, I would add the following:

  • A very stable, actively-maintained, and battle-tested codebase. This is also true of both dplyr and base R, of course, but it is valuable nonetheless.

  • Zero third-party dependencies. In contrast, dplyr has, at the time of writing, 22 direct or indirect package dependencies. In combination with the choice of C over Rcpp, this leads to very fast compilation and installation times.

Both of these are highly valued in production environments, which happens to be the focus of my current work.

However, I would usually advocate against using data.table unless you really, really do need its performance benefits.

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Copyright in Closed-Source R Packages: The Right Way

    18 March 2019 // tagged

There are a wealth of excellent resources for R users on creating and maintaining R packages, which remain the best way to share your code within your organisation or the larger community. However, almost all of these resources tend to focus on open-source packages, tools, and workflows. As a result of this, they tend to skim over more corporate issues like copyright assignment.

Yet many R users are working on their code in proprietary environments, creating packages for internal use by their company. That code is closed source, with the copyright belonging to their organisation. If you fall into this category, how should you communicate that in your R package? This post is intended to provide a very clear answer to that question.

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What Does R Value?

    13 December 2018 // tagged

I’m fan of Bryan Cantrill’s argument that we ought to think about “platform values” when assessing technologies, highlighted in a recent talk, but explained more thoroughly in an earlier one on his experience with the node.js community.

In my reading, he argues that of the many values (such as performance, security, or expressiveness) that programming languages or platforms may hold, many are in conflict, and the platform inevitably emphasises some of these values over others. These decisions are a reflection of explicit or implicit “platform values”.

Cantrill illustrates this with a series of examples, but, no surprise, the R platform does not make his shortlist. I couldn’t resist trying to cook up my own taxonomy of platform values for the R language and its community.

More broadly, though, Cantrill believes that the values of a platform affect the projects that adopt them, and conflicts can arise between the values of a project and its respective choice of platform. This strongly echoes my own experience in the R community, and I’ve gotten a measure of clarity for future and existing projects by learning to articulate these conflicts.

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Why There is No importFrom() Function in R

    27 August 2018 // tagged

For those coming to R from other languages, it seems very odd that R users import code from packages the way that they do. For instance, if you are used to Python, this is the general pattern of “using code from elsewhere”:

import math
import numpy as np
from random import randint

# Usage:

Meanwhile, in R, you’re likely to see


data_frame(x = 1, y = "A") %>%
  mutate(z = TRUE)

… with the subtext being that users must simply know that the data_frame(), mutate(), and %>% functions are actually all from the dplyr package. Why is R so unusual here?

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